b. ? 1726 and d. November 7, 1817
Swiss chemist and geologist. His chief works are “Letters on the Origin and Formation of the Earth,” “Elements of Geology” and “Geological Travels in the North of Europe, England, France, Switzerland and Germany.”
With all the sons of reason scatter’d wide
Through habitable space, wherever born,
Howe’er endow’d! To live free citizens
Of universal Nature! to lay hold
By more than feeble faith on the Supreme!
To call heav’ns ruch unfathomable mines
(Mines which support archangels in their state)
Our own! to rise in science, as in bliss,
Initiate in the secrets of the skies!
Tor read creation; read its mighty plan
In the bare bosom of the Deity!
The plan, and execution, to collate!
To see, before each glance of piercing thought,
All cloud, all shadow, blown remote; and leave
—Night Thoughts: Young
1755, November 1—An earthquake at Lisbon threw down the greater part of the city in six minutes and caused the death of 60,000 people.
1854—An earthquake at Japan caused a sea wave 30 feet in height to travel 370 miles per hour.
1883—Krakatoe, a volcano in Sunda Straits, exploded and caused an earthquake. Where land formerly existed there was afterward 900 feet of water.